The Government of Balochistan in Exile

Wednesday, May 31, 2006

Government of Balochistan (in Exile) Sends Condolences to Indonesia’s President


KALAT, Balochistan -- General Secretary, Mir Azaad Khan Baloch on Wednesday sent his condolences to Indonesia’s President over the devastation wrought by an earthquake on Yogyakarta in Java.

An earthquake measuring 6.2 on the Richter scale claimed up to 5,000 lives in Yogyakarta, in the heart of Java, Indonesia’s most populous island that accounts for more thatn 60 percent of the archipelago’s 215 million people.

Mir Azaad Khan Baloch is General Secretary of the newly declared Government of Balochistan in Exile.



President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Jakarta, Indonesia

Dear President:

The Government of Balochistan (In Exile) and the Baloch people extend our heartfelt condolences and sympathies to your Excellency, to the people of Indonesia, and the bereaved families at this hour of grief. We are confident that your Government and the people of Indonesia will bear this tragedy with fortitude.

Our prayers are with the bereaved families and all those affected by the disaster.

Sincerely yours,

Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
General Secretary
The Government of Balochistan in Exile

To End Baloch Impasse, Bugti Offers Unconditional Talks with Pakistan


KALAT, Balochistan -- The senior Baloch leader and influential tribal chief Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti, as a gesture of peace, extended an olive branch to Pakistan by offering unconditional talks with the military dictatorship of General Pervez Musharraf.

Bugti said that he is ready for dialogues with the Pakistani military rulers to restore peace and end the political and socio-economic stalemate in Balochistan. To create a favorable atmosphere for peace talks, he has asked for the removal of troops from the affected areas. He emphasized that peace talks could not take place at gunpoint.

But, Musharraf and his generals are not relenting. Over the past 58 years of occupation of Balochistan by Pakistan, Balochistan has been in the throes of political instability over a demand for self-determination and non-exploitation of its valuable mineral and natural gas resources. Majority of the Baloch leaders believe that they have been denied their political, civil, legal and administrative rights by the oppressive government of Pakistan.

Over the past year, the Pakistani armed forces have sought to tighten their grip over Balochistan, and in the process more than 200 innocent people were killed and over 4,000 activists were arrested. The law and order situation in Balochistan is getting from bad to worse, and the Pakistani authorities are rampantly committing human rights violations against the Baloch people.

Bugti has decided not to leave Balochistan, and he is determined to serve the Baloch nation. Bugti said that he and his colleagues are defending themselves against unnecessary attacks by the Pakistani armed forces. He and several members of his immediate family have been forced to move out of their homes to live in caves in the mountains. And now, the Pakistani government is in the process of filing false cases against him and his associate to justify their extra-judicial arrests.

Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
General Secretary
The Government of Balochistan in Exile

President of Baloch Society of North America Visits US Institute of Peace Seminar

On Thursday, May 25th, 2006, the United States Institute of Peace organized a seminar titled, “Crisis in Balochistan” in Washington, D.C. The speakers at this seminar were:

Senator Sanaullah Baloch, (via video)
Senate of Pakistan

Frederic Grare

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace

Selig Harrison

Center for International Policy

J. Alexander Thier, (Moderator)
U.S. Institute of Peace

Among notable Baloch intellectuals who attended the seminar, the President of Baloch Society of North America (BSO-NA), Dr. Wahid Baloch was also present. He met with the eminent speakers and presented them with copies of the article, Economic Potential of Balochistan by Government of Balochistan in Exile, and the “Facts About Balochistan” by BSO-NA which is reproduced below:

Facts About Balochistan
Baloch Society of North America (BSO-NA)

  • Prior to losing its sovereignty, Balochistan was never a part of Iran or Pakistan in recent history. In 1947 when the British Indian government was dissolved, all its treaties with Balochistan, an independent and sovereign state, also ended. But, both Iran and Pakistan have illegally and forcibly occupied Balochistan in breach of all international laws. This illegal occupation of Balochistan must end.
  • Ever since the occupation of Balochistan, the Baloch (indigenous people of Balochistan) have resisted foreign rule, and are still fighting against Iran and Pakistan to liberate their country.
  • In 1948, the first major Baloch insurgency was organized under the leadership of Prince Karim, younger brother of the ruler of Balochistan. The Pakistani military forces arrested him and incarcerated him along with his comrades as common criminals, not as prisoners of war under the Geneva Convention.
  • Nawab Nowruz Khan Zehri, a 90-year-old Baloch leader, organized the second Baloch insurgency in 1958. A year later, the Pakistani military authorities arrested him along with his sons and nephews. His relatives were hanged and he was spared hanging to die a natural death in jail.
  • The first Baloch War of Independence started in 1970, and it lasted for 5 years. During this War, the Pakistani armed forces used sophisticated weapons and were supported by Iranian gunship helicopters (piloted by Iranians) to crush the Baloch uprising. Over 50,000 Baloch and 15,000 Pakistani soldiers died in this war.
  • The second Baloch War of Independence began in March 2005 when the Pakistani military dictator, General Pervez Musharraf, refused to persecute a military officer (relative of a serving general) for raping an ethnic Sindhi physician in the Dera Bugti area of Balochistan. To further stroke the sensitivities of the Baloch, he provoked the Baloch nation by making derogatory statements. When the Baloch voiced their concerns, he sent the Pakistani armed forces to bomb the civilian population of Dera Bugti killing 60 and injuring more than 200 non-combatant Baloch nationals.
  • In an attempt to assassinate the 79 years old Baloch veteran nationalist leader, Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti, the military forces bombed his personal residence. Fortunately, he escaped the carnage, and now he is up in arms along with his Baloch freedom fighters defending Balochistan.
  • Since the occupation of Balochistan, the Islamic republics of Iran and Pakistan have systematically launched an “ethnic cleansing” operation against the Baloch people. For your information, the Baloch are secular and liberal, and their belief system clashes with the extremist Muslims of Iran and Pakistan. Although the colonizers are forcing the Baloch people to lose their national identity and aspirations of liberating Balochistan, the Baloch are resisting such efforts vehemently.
  • Being the inhabitants of the resource-rich Balochistan, the Baloch people live in extreme poverty due to exploitation of their resources, like oil, gas and other minerals, by the occupying forces of Iran and Pakistan. Economic deprivation and lack of infrastructure development during the last 58 years of occupation has turned Balochistan into one of the most under-developed regions in the world.
  • There are barely any educational facilities of any repute that dispenses specialized skills to the Baloch youth. But, with Pakistani and Saudi Arabian funding, the Pakistani intelligence agencies have established numerous Madrassas (religious seminaries) throughout Balochistan to transform the secular belief system of the Balochi culture.
  • In Iran and Pakistan, it is considered an act of treason and labeled an anti-state activity to teach Balochi language and history in schools.
  • Iranian and Pakistani government departments and its armed forces discourage employing any ethnic Baloch. All the senior bureaucrats serving in Balochistan are from outside Balochistan. The employment situation is worse in those departments that are responsible for maintaining law and order in Balochistan, as they are totally composed of non-Baloch people.
  • In both Iran and Pakistan, the Baloch are considered anti-state elements. The state sponsored media labels them as “miscreants”, “bandits” and “terrorists”.
  • President Muharraf calls the Baloch War of Independence as a mere pinprick by three tribal chieftains. He and his propaganda machine have misled and confused the global community about the seriousness of the freedom struggle by the Baloch people.
  • There are over 6,000 Baloch activists arrested or missing in Pakistan. It is believed that the intelligence agencies have sent them to Gitmo-style prisons where they are either tortured or murdered.
  • The Pakistan government has stationed more than 65,000 fully armed troops in Balochistan supported by airpower to solidify its occupation of Balochistan and protect its access and exploitation of the Baloch natural resources. They are also building three military bases within Balochistan to contain the Baloch freedom struggle.
  • There are more than 600 Gestapo-style military check-posts erected throughout Balochistan to control the free movement of the Baloch people. The conditions are so bad that the Baloch people are now like prisoners in their own land.
  • With Chinese assistance, the Pakistanis are building the Gwadar Port on the mouth of the Strait of Hormuz so that the Chinese can install their listening post to monitor all shipping movements in the region. This development is marginalizing the political demographics of the Baloch by populating the area with non-Baloch, primarily people from Punjab.
  • Many prominent Baloch leaders in Pakistan, who want to seek asylum in foreign countries due to deteriorating conditions in Balochistan, have been put on the Exit Control List (ECL) and cannot leave the country. This act is against all human decency and it certainly violates their right as a human.
  • Amnesty International, Asian Human Rights, and the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan have repeatedly exposed the gross human rights violations committed by the Government of Pakistan in Balochistan.
  • Pakistan and possibly Iran are using Balochistan as their site for nuclear testing and dumping nuclear waste. The local population has strongly objected to such use of their land by the occupation forces, but to no avail.
  • The Baloch people are an oppressed nation, and they want the global community to get involved to assist in reinstating the sovereignty of Balochistan.
  • In his recent State of the Union speech, President Bush stated that those nations that live under tyranny, the United States would support their freedom struggle.
  • The Baloch nation pleads to the United Nations, the United States, and the community of nations to end the illegal occupation of Balochistan and stop the massacre of the Baloch people by governments of Iran and Pakistan.

Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
General Secretary
The Government of Balochistan in Exile

Monday, May 29, 2006

Merger or Annexation of Balochistan

We will begin to discuss the merger of Balochistan into Pakistan and the treatment that the Khan and the people of Balochistan received at the hands of the new, inexperienced, incompetent, but already representing their class interests, politicians who held the reigns of power. It must be made clear here that the Quaid-e-Azam immediately after independence became too ill to be able to oversee the daily running of government and left this to his trusted lieutenants. At the same time negotiations for the merger of Balochistan with Pakistan also devolved onto the shoulders of these very people. The subsequent problems in the merger and the maltreatment of Balochistan by the federal government began from this time onwards, leading to civil unrest in Balochistan for decades and culminating in the bloody civil war of 1973 to 1977.

Even after the armed resistance of 1948, 1958, 1960 to 1968, and the civil war of 1973-77, the attitude of all federal governments, civilian or military, has not changed in the least towards Balochistan. Herein lies the genesis of the so-called ‘Balochistan Problem’.

Following the preliminary talks between the nominees of the Kalat Government and the Government of Pakistan, the Quaid-e-Azam invited the Khan of Kalat to Karachi for discussions on the future status of Kalat. These discussions took place in October 1947. The Quaid-e-Azam advised the Khan to expedite the merger in view of the developing dangers from the neighbouring countries like Afghanistan and potential threat from the Soviet Union to the newborn State of Pakistan. He said, “I would sincerely advise you to merge your State with Pakistan. Both the States will benefit by this measure and as far as the demands and other problems of Kalat are concerned, these will be finally decided in a spirit of mutual friendship.” The Khan replied, “I have great respect for your advice and it is my considered opinion that Kalat’s merger is necessary in order to make Pakistan stronger. In this connection, I would suggest Balochistan, being a land of numerous tribes, the people there must be duly consulted in the matter prior to any decision I take, for, according to the prevalent tribal convention, no decision can be binding upon them unless they are taken into confidence beforehand by their Khan.”

With this provisional agreement the Khan returned to Kalat and promptly summoned the Kalat State Houses of Parliament, the Dar-ul-Awam and Dar-ul-Umra, and proposed to the House to accord him a mandate on the matter of Kalat’s merger with Pakistan. Both the Houses, however, contended unanimously that the proposal of Kalat’s merger militated against the spirit of the earlier agreement arrived at between the Kalat Government and the spokesmen of Pakistan on August 4, 1947, as also against the Independence Act of 1947. In view of this contention, the members proposed further talks with the Government of Pakistan on the basis of the agreements referred to. This decision of Kalat’s Parliament was forwarded to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Government of Pakistan, for necessary processing.

Shortly afterwards, the Quaid-e-Azam visited Sibi and during his stay there insisted upon the Khan to sign the merger documents in his personal capacity. Trivializing his own Houses of Parliament, the Khan affirmed to the Quaid that on his individual persuasion, the members of both Houses of Kalat’s State Parliament had signified their consent for merger, subject to such inconsequential conditions:

No laws will be enacted without the prior consent of the Baloch tribes as might affect their traditional customs and traditions.

The presence of all tribal Sardars is necessary at the ceremony of Kalat’s merger, if and when it takes place, and the Khan of Kalat and the Quaid-e-Azam should sign the merger documents before them.

The Quaid and Government of Pakistan should issue a statement eulogizing the role of the Baloch people in the cause of the historic culmination in the establishment of the sovereign Muslim State of Pakistan.

Lastly, the Quaid-e-Azam should personally address the traditional gathering of tribal Sardars, appreciating and acknowledging their sincere services in the cause of Islam and Pakistan.

The Khan by putting these conditions forward was trying to use the Quaid’s personal influence and persuasiveness to get the members of his Parliament to agree to merge Balochistan with Pakistan without preconditions. He further suggested that the Quaid should instruct the Agent to the Governor General (who was an Englishman at the time) to guide the Baloch tribal leaders into accepting the merger of their State without any hesitation. These manipulative measures undertaken by the Khan make it abundantly clear that the Baloch leaders were not in favour of the merger without first thrashing out crucial issues like constitutional status, provincial autonomy, judicial system, resource allocations, taxation, socio-economic development programmes, and all other governance subjects of vital importance in the life of a nation.

The Khan agreed to merge Kalat State with Pakistan in his subsequent discussions with S. B. Shah who confirmed the same in a letter to the Khan with these points:

“That you (the Khan) have at last acquiesced to merge Kalat State with Pakistan for the benefit of the people of Kalat.”

“That you have summoned the Dar-ul-Awam and Dar-ul-Umra on the 21st of this month, and that you would let us know the decision arrived at by them.”

Accordingly the Quaid handed over the matter to his newly formed cabinet. The members of the cabinet were new entrants to such high office and lacked the requisite experience of handling sensitive matters like the ethnological, historical, cultural and traditional background of the Baloch and the peculiar status of Kalat State vis-à-vis the agreements made between Kalat, the British, and subsequently Pakistan. The Quaid himself was by now very sick and weak in health and therefore unable to take part in governance or negotiations in any meaningful manner. His deputies were not of the same calibre and therefore it is no surprise that the affairs of Balochistan were mishandled from the very beginning. The Cabinet approached the merger of Balochistan with Pakistan in an atmosphere of apprehension and animosity.

The Khan still went ahead with his plans for the merger and informed the Government of Pakistan that:

My Government will get the merger of Kalat State finalized within three months.

In pursuance of Baloch traditions, the Khan of Kalat will proceed to Karachi along with his advisors to sign the merger documents as soon as these are finally drafted.

The federal cabinet, in the meantime, basing their policy formulations on absurd assumptions, was working on a scheme to break up the 500-year old State. The nature of their scheme, as it turned out subsequently, was tantamount to a political castration of the Baloch people. The cabinet decided to cut off Kharan and Lasbela by giving them an equal status to Kalat and obtaining their ‘mergers’ with Pakistan directly. Makran, which had been a part of the Kalat State for the last 300 years, was made independent of Kalat on March 17, 1948, and one of the three Sardars made its ruler. Thus Makran too was made a part of Pakistan. These hasty, illogical, irrational and politically illegal and oppressive steps naturally disillusioned the Baloch people. They rightly felt that all their erstwhile services and sacrifices in the cause of Pakistan were now forgotten. So deep was their despair and frustration that several of them wanted to revolt, and some did take to the hills making no secret of their intentions.

The neighbouring countries were quick to take notice of this vulnerable situation in Pakistan just a year after its birth. Reaction to this situation was particularly sharp in Afghanistan, India and Kashmir, resulting in:

The government and the people of Afghanistan becoming increasingly suspicious and adopting a hostile attitude towards Pakistan over the Durand Line.

Finding Pakistan in trouble, India annexed Hyderabad State on September 9, 1948, and militarily subdued it by September 17.

Capitalising on the situation, the Maharaja of Kashmir also merged his State with India.

Sheikh Asad Rahman
Freelance Columnist

Sunday, May 28, 2006

Ayesha Tanzeem, BBC Correspondent in New York, Interviews Mir Azaad Khan Baloch

Exile Government in Jerusalem: Baloch Renouncement
A website claims to be the official website of the Government of Balochistan in Exile!

New York, N.Y. -- According to the website, on 18 April 2006, a few Baloch nationalists got together and formed this Government, and through their "Official Blog" on the Internet, they are making the world aware of it.

The names of people who formed the Government or anything about them are not mentioned on the site, but the person who runs the site, his name and description are surely listed.

A person named Mir Azaad Khan Baloch claims that he is the General Secretary of this Government and their headquarter is based in Jerusalem, Israel.

But, when BBC wanted to contact him, instead of giving an Israeli phone number, he gave an American one. He reasoned that he has an American number on roaming so that his colleagues in Pakistan and Iran don’t have to dial an Israeli number. Even though BBC requested and promised that his number will be kept secret, he was not willing to give out any Jerusalem number.

He said that the reason this headquarter is based in Jerusalem is because he lives there. Besides, they didn’t want to open an office in a country that has diplomatic relations with either Pakistan or Iran, and where his colleagues could be in danger.

When the website was started, he had introduced himself as a “Baloch Jew”, and stated that the place of this headquarter was “Jerusalem, Israel”. But, since giving an interview to BBC, he has revised it and wrote “Jewish Nationalist” and headquarters in “Middle East”.

Mir Azaad Khan Baloch also claims that they have nominated Khan of Kalat as the King of this Government. But, he confessed that Khan of Kalat has not responded yet.

He said that at present, the total expenses of this Government are covered with personal funds, and they are not receiving any help from the Israeli government. But, if Israeli government wants to assist, then they will happily accept this help because according to him, the Baloch are secular; and first and foremost they are Baloch, and then they are Muslims, Hindus, Christians or Jews.

In regards to the records of Israel’s human rights violations, he said that they have kept themselves away from International politics and have nothing to do with Israel’s “internal matters”. Their only objective is the liberation of the Baloch nation.

He says that Balochistan is occupied by Pakistan, Iran and Afghanistan, and they are especially involved in the struggle to liberate Baloch nation from Pakistan and Iran. According to him, Afghanistan is considered an ally.

In Pakistan, Baloch leaders, Akhtar Mengal and Shahid Bugti, claimed that they are unaware of the existence of this Government. According to both leaders, neither anyone has contacted them about such a Government nor they have seen this website.

But Jamhoori Watan Party’s representative Shahid Bugti stated about the struggle of his party, “Our struggle continues, and it's neither for independence nor it's to breakup the country. Whatever mode we use for our struggle, it's being done especially for Balochistan’s political and economic rights.”

He emphasized that prior to talking about this website or anything related to it, one must look at different possibilities:

“These days, it’s not a difficult task to make websites. With 5 or 10 thousand Pakistani Rupees you can make a website with any name.”

Shahid Bugti said, "It is not necessary that this website is genuine. It is possible that someone is playing a joke. Or maybe some agency built it to spoil the public image of the current struggle in Balochistan."

According to Balochistan National Party leader Akhtar Mengal, "It's strange that their office is in Jerusalem, Israel, and that the political parties here are unaware of it."

In the US, the president of the Balochistan Society, Dr. Wahid Baloch, told BBC that although he fully supports the messages on this website which are related to the freedom of the Baloch, but he doesn't know anything about the person who setup this website nor the exile Baloch government.

Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
General Secretary
The Government of Balochistan in Exile

Friday, May 26, 2006

Crisis in Balochistan: A Seminar by the United States Institute of Peace

WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Convenor of the World Baloch Jewish Alliance (WBJA) and journalist Ahmar Mustikhan lauded Pakistani Senator Sanaullah Baloch's excellent exposition of the Balochistan conundrum and rebuked the claim that he was trying to internationalize the occupation issue.

Mustikhan briefly spoke at a seminar entitled "The Crisis in Balochistan" organized under the auspices of the United States Institute of Peace. "The crisis in Balochistan is objectively an international problem and it has always been so," Mustikhan said.

Senator Baloch, the keynote speaker, addressed the conference from London through video. Other speakers were eminent scholars Selig Harrison, Asia chief at the Center for International Policy; Frederic Grare visiting French scholar at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and J. Alexander Their, senior advisor at the USIP Rule of Law Program.

The WBJA is determined to combat anti-Semitism in all its forms and believes the Baloch are one of the lost tribes of Israel. The Alliance's aims and objects include promoting friendship between the Jewish people and the Baloch people.

Though the WBJA is apolitical, it is supportive of the Jerusalem-based rudimentary Government of Balochistan in Exile, which has been formed by Mir Azaad Khan, a Baloch of Jewish descent now living in Israel.

Mustikhan rebuked a questioner's notion that Senator Baloch was trying to internationalize the Balochistan crisis by saying that Islamabad has leased out Balochistan to the Chinese.

"Baloch are a nation on the one hand and Punjabis and Persians are nations on the other," Mustikhan observed at the conference. "The problem between them have always been international in nature," he said.

The WBJA convenor also pooh-poohed the complaint of a Punjabi settler in Balochistan who asked Senator Baloch that when he claims the Baloch were liberal and secular, then why Punjabis were being discriminated in Balochistan. "It is interesting the rulers are now complaining they are not being treated right," Mustikhan said about the complaint of the Punjabi settler, Adil Sultan, who is now a Visiting Fellow at the Henry L. Stimson.

Mustikhan later circulated a written statement among the seminar speakers. He said he is concerned at the myopia at the highest level of the U.S. administration. "I mean they want to do the undoable, but don’t want to do the doable. This is a cruel joke with American soldiers who are serving overseas," he said.

He regretted that the Baloch, just like the Kurd further northwest in the Middle East, were still in chains.

Mustikhan said Pakistan is the elephant in the room no one wanted to see. "It is home not only to world’s most hated terrorists, Osama bin Laden and Ayman Zwahiri, but equally dangerous and one of world’s worst nuclear proliferators, Abdul Qadeer Khan."

He deplored that Pakistan has successfully hoodwinked the U.S. it is helpless getting bin Laden, and the rogue army there has told the U.S. under no circumstances would they hand over Khan for interrogation.

He pointed out Balochistan has the potential to generate $58 billion per year, $42 billion from oil. Balochistan can produce 2 million bbl/day plus it has a strategic coastline that is approximately 1,000-km, of which 780-km is occupied by Pakistan, while the remainder is controlled by Iran.

The WBJA convenor said while the U.S. is spending monies and losing men in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Chinese are building up their wealth. The Chinese are actively working in Balochistan, from the copper-gold mine projects in Saindak to the port of Gwadur, bribing the Pakistani generals and army officers to have their way, in spite of all kinds of concessions that are already in place.

"Small wonder if Wal-Mart is stuffed with Made in China goods," he said.

He countered the notion Musharraf of Pakistan is an ally of the U.S., saying the Pakistani general is an ally of China. "I personally think it’s criminal to say Pakistan is a U.S. ally in the war on terror," he said.

He recalled that while the puppet Taliba’an government was removed from Afghanistan following the 9/11 terror attacks, it conveniently shifted base to Pakistan's Frontier and Balochistan provinces. "The Taliba’an were nothing but show boys of Pakistan’s dreaded Inter Services Intelligence. Does it need rocket science to prove this assertion?" he asked.

He said Afghan president Hamid Karzai has rightfully complained about Taliba’an getting help from Pakistan. This is also a Baloch complaint, as they are being Taliba’anized. "Here, I am not counseling please don’t let Balochistan down. What I am urging is please don’t let Americans and America down. Please help the Baloch. Please help the Kurds. Please help them get their freedom," Mustikhan said.

Mir Azaad Khan Baloch

General Secretary
The Government of Balochistan in Exile

Monday, May 22, 2006

Balochistan’s Status at Independence

After WW II, the Labour government in Britain, after considerable debate, decided to send a three-member Cabinet Mission to India in a final bid to devise a methodology for the transfer of power in India. The Mission arrived in India on March 24, 1946. The Khan of Kalat, on the advice of the Quaid-e-Azam, the legal advisor to the Kalat State at the time, approached the Mission on behalf of his government to discuss the future status of his State in the scheme of independence for India. The Mission advised the Khan to have his case prepared by legal experts. Eminent lawyers were hired to prepare the case for the Kalat State, which after vetting by the Quaid himself, was submitted to the Mission in the form of a Memorandum. This Memorandum, briefly, re-stressed the following major points:

That Kalat is an independent and sovereign State, its relations with the British Government being based on various mutual Agreements and Treaties.

That Kalat is not an Indian State, its relations with India being of only a formal nature by virtue of Kalat’s agreements with the British and that with the ceasing of the Agreement of 1876 with the Kalat Government, Kalat would regain its complete independence, as it existed prior to 1876, and that the Kalat Government would then be free to choose its own way without interference by others.

All such regions as were given under the control of the British in consequence of any treaty will be returned to the sovereignty of the Kalat State, and resume their original status as parts of the Kalat State.

On the lapse of British sovereignty, the agreements in respect of the areas under the direct control of the British shall cease to have any legal binding; and the rights hitherto vested in the British shall automatically be transferred back to the Kalat Government.

Other Baloch regions like Kharan, Lasbela and the Marri, Bugti areas were part and parcel of the Kalat State as acknowledged by the British, and must, therefore, go back to it when the latter vacates.

The Marri and Bugti Tumandars also added their application to the Memorandum, submitted in 1946, demanding that their tribal regions be included in a “federation” with Kalat.

The final Partition plan of June 3, 1947 stated in respect of transfer of power in India vis-à-vis the States:

“All the rights surrendered by the States to the paramount power will return to the States. Political arrangements between the States on the one side, and the British Crown and British India on the other will thus be brought to an end. The void will have to be filled either by the States entering into a federal relationship with the successor Government or Governments in British India; or failing this, entering into particular political arrangements.”

Mr. Gandhi said that the declarations of independence by Indian Princes “were tantamount to declaration of war against the free millions of India”. On the other hand the Quaid-e-Azam hailed this statement and on June 18, 1947, issued the following statement to the press:

“The Indian States will be fully independent, legally and constitutionally, as soon as the supremacy of the British ceases; and as such, the States will be free to act as per their wish whether to join the Indian Legislature or the Pakistan Legislative Assembly. In case of their decision to join either of the two, they can adjust their relations and arrangements anew as per their wish in the new setup.”

“The All India Muslim League’s policy has been quite unambiguous from the very beginning that we would not interfere in the internal affairs of any State, and such problems must primarily be discussed and solved between the people of the State concerned…In case a State desiring to retain its independence by cooperating with Pakistan in trade and economic affairs only, we welcome them to have political talks on the same to arrive at any solution agreed upon for mutual good.”

“I am of the firm opinion that the Memorandum of the Cabinet Mission of May 12, 1946, clearly lays down the policy of His Majesty’s Government in respect of the position of the Indian States. It nowhere makes it obligatory upon them to merge themselves with any Legislative Assembly, be it Indian or Pakistani. It is my personal belief that if any State wants to remain aloof, it may do so without any pressure from any quarter, whether it be the British Parliament or any political organisation in the country. The British Government has clearly informed them (the States) that sovereignty is not transferable. It can be brought to an end, thus making the States attain their independence automatically.”

The Quaid-e-Azam also wrote to the Khan of Kalat that since the position of the Kalat State was different from other Indian States, representation on behalf of the State should be made directly to the Viceroy in Delhi to discuss the future position of Kalat and the return of Baloch regions hitherto under the control of the British Government. Accordingly, the Chief Secretary of Kalat State was sent to Delhi with a draft of the new position of Kalat as prepared by legal experts. This resulted in a round table conference, held on August 4, 1947, in which Lord Mountbatten, the Quaid-e-Azam, Mr. Liaqat Ali Khan, Chief Minister of Kalat, Sir Sultan Ahmed, the legal Advisor of Kalat State and the Khan of Kalat took part in the deliberations. The following points were agreed upon:

Kalat State will be independent on August 15, 1947, enjoying the same status as it originally held in 1838, having friendly relations with its neighbours.

In case the relations of Kalat with any future government got strained, Kalat will exercise its right of self-determination, and the British Government should take precautionary measures to help Kalat in the matter as per the Treaties of 1839 and 1841.

The Khan of Kalat, mentioning his services and those of the Baloch in the creation of Pakistan, expressed his full confidence in the Quaid-e-Azam and the ‘Government of Pakistan’ to be established under his leadership.

As a corollary to the round table conference at Delhi, another agreement was signed between Kalat and Pakistan on August 4, 1947. The points agreed upon were broadcast on August 11, 1947, as under:

The Government of Pakistan agrees that Kalat is an independent State, being quite different in Status from other States of India, and commits to its relations with the British Government as manifested in several agreements.

Legal opinion will be obtained to find out whether Pakistan Government is legally bound by the agreements and treaties that already exist between Kalat and the British Government.

Further talks will be held between the nominees of Pakistan and Kalat after obtaining the legal opinion on the above points.

In the meantime, a Standstill Agreement will be made between Pakistan and Kalat by which Pakistan shall stand committed to all the responsibilities and agreements signed by Kalat and the British Government from 1839 to 1947 and by this, Pakistan shall be the legal, constitutional and political successor of the British.

In order to discuss finally the relations between Kalat and Pakistan on matters of Defence, Foreign Relations and Communications, deliberations will be held in the near future in Karachi.

A few weeks after the agreement, the Agent to the Governor-General informed the rulers of Kharan and Lasbela that the control of their regions had been transferred to the Kalat State. The Marri and Bugti tribal region was also returned into the Kalat fold soon after. Thus the whole of Balochistan came under the suzerainty of the Khan of Kalat in the same confederacy of Baloch tribes that Nasir Khan I created in 1666-67.

The Kalat Government made a formal declaration of its independence on August 15, 1947, soon after the end of British supremacy, and a day after Pakistan’s coming into being on the map of the Subcontinent. Immediately a delegation comprising the Kalat Prime Minister and Foreign Minister was sent to Karachi for discussions and an honourable settlement vis-à-vis relations with Pakistan in the light of the mutually endorsed Standstill Agreement of August 11, 1947.

Sheikh Asad Rahman
Freelance Columnist

Sunday, May 21, 2006

“Baloch are Pygmies!” says General Pervez Musharraf

It inflames the feelings of the Baloch people to be labeled as a pygmy race! In Greek Mythology, a pygmy is a member of a race of dwarfs. Below are a few definitions of a pygmy:

  1. A member of any of various peoples, especially of equatorial Africa and parts of southeast Asia, having an average height less than 5 feet (127 centimeters). Not in scientific use.
  2. An individual of unusually small size.
  3. An individual considered to be of little or no importance.
  4. Unusually or atypically small.
  5. Unimportant; trivial.

In an exclusive interview, Musharraf insists: I'm not George Bush's poodle , the Pakistani military dictator, General Pervez Musharraf, made a racial remark to Declan Walsh and Simon Tisdall of the Guardian Unlimited (UK) by stating that the Baloch are “pygmies” and their struggle for freedom are simply “pin pricks”.

The Pakistani press calls the Baloch freedom fighters, “miscreants”, which is defined as:

  1. An evildoer; a villain.
  2. An infidel; a heretic.
  3. A person without moral scruples.
  4. A person of the highest degree of unworthiness.
  5. Somebody who behaves in a dishonest, malicious, or otherwise contemptible way.

Officers in the armed forces of Pakistan tell their soldiers that the Baloch are Sardar-worshipping infidels who must be eliminated to cleanse and purify the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (definition of the word Pakistan is “Land of the Pure”).

Colonizers of Balochistan systematically and verbally assault the intellect of Baloch people with similar insults on a daily basis. However, it is quite surprising that the Baloch nation is awfully silent about being disgraced in such a manner! A respectable nation will rise and punch the face of anyone who would dare to insult them in such a manner. It is high time for the Baloch people to show the Punjabi-dominated Pakistan that they cannot take the Baloch people for granted any longer.

Now, the Pakistani authorities have decided that they will smear the honor of respectful Baloch women from noble families by putting their names on the Exit Control List (ECL). It would not be long before the Pakistanis will arrest Baloch women, disrobe and rape them, shave their heads, and then let them walk naked on the streets of Balochistan; it is a Muslim Punjabi tradition which is commonly practiced to this day in various parts of Pakistan's Punjab province to inflict insult on anyone who opposes the writ of the local thug.

On the night of January 2, 2006, Dr. Shazia Khalid, an ethnic Sindhi, was gang-raped by Pakistani military personnel. Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti, chieftain of the Bugti tribe, understood the mentality of the Pakistani occupation forces. He knew that if a guest of the Baloch people were raped today, it would not take very long before the Pakistanis will dishonor a Baloch daughter, sister, wife and mother.

So, instead of being silent about the incident or its future ramifications on the Baloch nation, Nawab Bugti chose to fight for justice. He knew that if he did not do anything today, then tomorrow the women in his household, his tribe, and his Baloch nation would suffer the same fate as Dr. Shazia.

The recent ECL is a wake-up call for any red-blooded Baloch to get the message. It is time for every Baloch to unite under one flag and fight the “Baloch War of Independence” today! It would be a shame to wait until the Baloch womenfolk have tears in their eyes.

Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
General Secretary
The Government of Balochistan in Exile

Monday, May 15, 2006

Government of Balochistan in Exile: Opening New Offices Throughout the World

Almost a month ago, on April 18, 2006, we (a loose group of Baloch nationalists from around the world) launched The Government of Balochistan (GOB) in Exile, and introduced our government to the world through various articles on our official Blog over the Internet. Our efforts have generated a very positive response from the Baloch community. Although there were few skeptics, but the majority of the Baloch people have noticed our sincerity in serving the Baloch nation and offered their full support.

Now, we are ready to launch the next phase of our grand plan to liberate Balochistan. GOB is going to expand its global operations. In order to involve the Baloch people in our nation-building activities, we are going to select GOB Representatives and open GOB offices throughout the world. If you are interested in becoming a GOB Representative, please act fast and contact us; time is of the essence.

These offices will conduct the following functions:

  1. Notify all Baloch nationals within their area of operations that they are GOB Representatives and invite them to join the "Baloch Freedom Struggle";
  2. Organize weekly, fortnightly, or monthly meetings of Baloch nationalists to brainstorm and discuss issues pertaining to liberation of Balochistan;
  3. If located outside Iran and Pakistan, then organize public relations activities to inform the media, lawmakers, and nationals of the host country about Balochistan;
  4. If located within Iran and Pakistan, then organize clandestine activities to liberate Balochistan;
  5. Distribute official notification sent by GOB in Exile (Jerusalem) to their constituency; and
  6. Generate fund-raising activities.

Due to financial constraints, GOB in Exile expects each representative to generate their own funds to operate these offices in their respective constituency. Each office must have access to the Internet in order to communicate with GOB in Exile (Jerusalem). On occasion, we will design posters and pamphlets to be distributed from your office.

To be authorized to run a GOB in Exile office, we have to ascertain that you are not a sympathizer of either the Iranian or the Pakistani governments. Therefore, it is important that you meet our selection criteria:

  1. You must be of Baloch ethnicity;
  2. You should have references (with contact information) from Baloch notables whom we can contact to verify your identity or you are referred by a GOB in Exile Representative;
  3. You must submit a brief resume (biodata) with your contact information;
  4. You must agree to abide by the laws of the country of your residence except if you live in Iran and Pakistan; and
  5. You must have the financial resources to launch the GOB in Exile office in your area.

GOB in Exile will launch a website soon, and a page will be dedicated to your office. If you would like us to include your contact information to the website, then you have to notify us, otherwise we keep all identity information confidential. In order to protect your identity, we are willing to even use an anonymous name of your choice.

Please do not wait too long to decide if you want to represent the GOB in Exile in your area. Write to us now and let us process your application.

Please send all inquiries to:

Thank you.

Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
General Secretary

Desk of The Government of Balochistan in Exile
The World Baloch Jewish Alliance Building
PO Box 5631
Jerusalem, 91000

Friday, May 12, 2006

An Expose’: The Durand Line Agreement is Illegal

The argument between Afghanistan and Pakistan centers on the issue of Durand Line Agreement and its validity. But, the Government of Balochistan (GOB) in Exile challenges the “legality” of the Durand Line Agreement between Afghanistan and British India in 1893, not its “validity”. We believe that the Durand Line Agreement is an illegal agreement, and therefore, it is null and void.

In 1839, the Afghan and British governments agreed to demark a 2,450-kilometer (1,519 miles) long border dividing British India and Afghanistan. The signatory of the document, known as The Durand Line Agreement, were His Highness, Amir Abdur Rahman Khan, ruler of Afghanistan, and Sir Henry Mortimer Durand, the foreign secretary of the British Indian government.

Since British India ceased to exist in 1947 with the independence of India, Pakistan, and princely States, it was assumed that the Durand Line Agreement will be automatically upheld by the International Court of Justice as a binding agreement under uti possidetis juris, i.e, binding bilateral agreements with or between colonial powers are "passed down" to successor independent states.

The Durand Line has been a source of contention between Afghanistan and Pakistan. On September 30, 1947, at the UN General Assembly meeting, Afghanistan even caste a vote against the admission of Pakistan to the United Nations.

International Law states that boundary changes must be made among all concerned parties; and a unilateral declaration by one party has no effect. So, when in 1949, Afghanistan’s “Loya Jirga” (Grand Council) declared the Durand Line Agreement invalid, it was considered a unilateral declaration, and therefore, could not be enforced. Furthermore, Durand Line, like virtually any international boundaries, has no expiration date, nor is there any mention of such in the Durand Line Agreement, which is contrary to the popular beliefs of certain Afghan scholars that the Agreement lapsed in 1993 which is after a hundred years of its signing.

To this date, the relations between Afghanistan and Pakistan are characterized by rivalry, suspicion and resentment. The primary cause of this hostility rests in the debate about the validity of the Durand Line Agreement. But, so far, it appears that Pakistan’s position in this debate is legally correct, and the Government in Afghanistan has never challenged Pakistan in the International Court of Justice.

In 1839, when the British army advanced through Balochistan towards Afghanistan, they battled with the Baloch for the first time. During this conflict, 400 Baloch were killed along with Mehrab Khan (ruler of Balochistan), and the British took 2,000 Baloch prisoners of war. After recognizing Mehrab Khan’s young son, Nasir Khan II, as his successor, the Baloch and British signed their first treaty in 1841 that dealt with “Military Offensive and Defensive” matters. The British vacated Balochistan after the treaty was signed, and until 1854, there were no major diplomatic interactions between the Baloch and the British.

On May 14th, 1854, a new Treaty was signed which annulled the 1841 Treaty. The new Treaty focused on “Alliance, Defensive and Offensive” matters. It also demanded the Baloch rulers to oppose all enemies of the British government; required British consent prior to any Baloch ruler could negotiate with any other state; and it permitted the British to station troops within selected parts of Balochistan.

When the Baloch ruler broke certain provisions of the 1854 Treaty, diplomatic relations between Balochistan and British were discontinued in 1874. But, after two years, in 1876 the Treaty of 1854 was rectified with minor modifications allowing the British government to mediate any Baloch tribal disputes, and lease Quetta valley to establish a military cantonment. Although the Baloch ruler’s writ still ran over Balochistan, but now it was under the watchful eye of a British Indian government.

From 1890 to 1891, to contain the Pashtun tribes of the Suleman Mountains from conducting border raids, the British carried out a series of military expeditions that resulted in the occupation of Zhob valley. Soon afterwards, they constructed a cantonment at Fort Sandeman along with extensions of a line of outposts.

In 1893, serious differences arose between the ruler of Balochistan, Mir Khodadad Khan and the British. Soon after, on instigation of the British, Mir Mahmud Khan deposed his father and became the new ruler of Balochistan in November 1893. By July 1899, the Baloch administration had negotiated perpetual lease and transfer of management to British agency of the Nushki district and Niabat with all rights, jurisdiction and administrative power, in lieu of perpetual rent. This secured direct British control of the great highway connecting Quetta to Taftan. This arrangement prevailed till August 1947 when British India was dissolved.

On August 11, 1947, the British acceded control of Balochistan to the ruler of Balochistan, His Highness Mir Ahmad Yar Khan - the Khan of Kalat. The Khan immediately declared the independence of Balochistan, and Mohammad Ali Jinnah signed the proclamation of Balochistan’s sovereignty under the Khan.

The New York Times reported on August 12, 1947: “Under the agreement, Pakistan recognizes Kalat as an independent sovereign state with a status different from that of the Indian States. An announcement from New Delhi said that Kalat, Moslem State in Baluchistan, has reached an agreement with Pakistan for free flow of communications and commerce, and would negotiate for decisions on defense, external affairs and communications.” The next day, the NY Times even printed a map of the world showing Balochistan as a fully independent country.

According to the Indian Independence Act 1947, all treaties and agreements between the British Government and the rulers of States were terminated as of August 15, 1947. On that day, the Khan addressed a large gathering in Kalat and formally declared the full independence of Balochistan, and proclaimed the 15th day of August a day of celebration. The Khan formed the lower and upper house of Kalat Assembly, and during the first meeting of the Lower House in early September 1947, the Assembly confirmed the independence of Balochistan.

Jinnah tried to persuade the Khan to join Pakistan, but the Khan and both Houses of the Kalat Assembly refused. The Pakistani government took an aggressive stance against Balochistan, and in March 1948, the Pakistani armed forces started their operation against the Balochistan government. They invaded Balochistan on April 15th, 1948, and imprisoned all members of the Kalat Assembly.

Throughout the period of British rule of India, the British never occupied Balochistan. There were treaties and lease agreements between the two sovereign states, but neither state invaded the other. Although the treaties signed between British India and Balochistan provided many concessions to the British, but none of the treaties permitted the British to demark the boundaries of Balochistan without the consent of the Baloch rulers.

The Durand Line Agreement of 1893 divides boundaries between three sovereign countries, namely Afghanistan, Balochistan and British India. According to International Law, all affected parties are required to agree to any changes in demarking their common borders. In reality, the Durand Line Agreement was a trilateral agreement and it legally required the participation and signatures of all three countries. But, the Agreement was drawn as a bilateral agreement between Afghanistan and British India only, and it intentionally excluded Balochistan. Hence, under the rules of demarking boundaries of the International Law, the Agreement was in error, and thus, it was null and void as soon as it was signed.

The British, under false pretenses, assured the Afghan rulers that Balochistan was part of British India, and therefore, they were not required to have the consent of anyone from Balochistan to agree on demarking borders. Meanwhile, the British kept the Baloch rulers in the dark about the Durand Line Agreement to avoid any complications. This policy helped the British to concentrate on fortifying their military positions in the region without causing any tensions between Afghanistan and Balochistan about demarking their boundary lines, otherwise this could have resulted in a war between Afghanistan and Balochistan.

To ascertain that Balochistan and Afghanistan were not discussing the legality of the Durand Line Agreement among themselves, the British continued to reaffirm the Durand Line Agreement by each of the successive Afghan rulers who followed His Highness, Amir Abdur Rahman Khan. King Habibullah (1901-19), King Amanullah (1919-29), King Nadir Shah (1929-1933), and King Zahir Shah (1933-1973) reaffirmed the Agreement during their reign.

The British ruled parts of Afghanistan without any legal authority, but through treacherous use of a piece of paper, the Durand Line Agreement, which did not have any legal standing in any court of law. As long as the British kept Afghanistan and Balochistan in the dark and apart from each other to discuss the Agreement, the British could continue to rule Afghan territory.

But, in 1947, the British Indian government was dissolved, and hence, there was no reason for the British to continue this façade. But, Mohammad Ali Jinnah and his legal team immediately found out after Pakistan’s independence that the Durand Line Agreement was not a legally admissible/binding document. To continue the illegal occupation of territories belonging to Afghanistan, it was important for Pakistan to keep the flaw in the Agreement a secret. But, the dilemma was that Balochistan was an independent country, and one day the truth might be reveled to Afghanistan about the Agreement. This truth could result in Pakistan losing its Pashtun dominated areas to Afghanistan.

It was very important for Pakistan to either annex or invade Balochistan to continue with their illegal occupation of Afghan territories. When Jinnah failed to convince the Baloch government to annex with Pakistan on basis of the two sovereign states being predominantly Muslim countries, he ordered his armed forces to invade Balochistan and, under duress, forced the His Highness, the Khan of Kalat to sign legal documents to merge Balochistan with Pakistan. This simple act of aggression against a sovereign nation assured Pakistan that their secret about the Durand Line Agreement would remain intact.

Once Balochistan was secured, the Pakistanis deceptively used the law of uti possidetis juris to their advantage and continued occupation of territories belonging to Afghanistan.

Pakistan is in illegal occupation of territories belonging to Afghanistan under false pretenses. To maintain its current territorial integrity, it is in Pakistan’s interest to have a weak and destabilized government in Afghanistan so there is no one to challenge the authenticity of the Durand Line Agreement. Therefore, Pakistani intelligence agencies have provided shelter for members of Al-Qaeda and Taleban who are committing acts of terrorism within Afghanistan to destabilize the democratically elected government of President Hamid Karzai.

US armed forces in Afghanistan are eradicating remnants of terrorists from Taleban era. The Americans are also helping to rebuild Afghanistan and strengthen the democratic process of government to get a strong foothold in the country. But, Pakistan has waged a proxy war against the United States, and continues to terrorize the Afghan nation in hopes to frustrate the US to leave Afghanistan and weaken the Afghan government.

Meanwhile, the Baloch have launched their “War of Independence” in Iran and Pakistan. Three tribal Sardars (chieftains) have united their forces and are engaged in a guerilla war against the well-equipped Pakistani armed forces. The Baloch freedom movement is gaining momentum, and people from all walks of like are joining in droves.

Afghanistan and Balochistan should form a legal team to challenge the illegal occupation of Afghan territories and Balochistan by Pakistan in the International Court of Justice. Once the Durand Line Agreement is declared illegal, it will result in the return of Pakistan-occupied territories back to Afghanistan. Also, Balochistan will be declared a country that was forcibly invaded through use of force by the Pakistanis; and with international assistance, Balochistan can regain its independence. It is the right time to act now because the US and Allied forces in Afghanistan are positioned to facilitate the enforcement of the Court’s judgment.

After Pakistan vacates territories belonging to Afghanistan and Balochistan, a new boarder should be demarked amicably to determine Baloch dominated areas to become the new Balochistan, and Pashtun dominated areas to be merged into Afghanistan. And, with the help of the US and Allied forces, the Afghans and the Baloch forces can flush out members of Al-Qaeda and Talebans from their respective countries.

A wise observer once said, “Pakistan is a completely superfluous and artificially created spot on the world map that has become a breeding ground for extremism, and trouble that would be best done away with.”

Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
General Secretary

Desk of The Government of Balochistan in Exile
The World Baloch Jewish Alliance Building
PO Box 5631
Jerusalem, 91000

Tuesday, May 09, 2006

Dr. Nazir Bhatti, Editor of Pakistan Christian Post, Interviews Mir Azaad Khan Baloch

The mission of The Government of Balochistan (GOB) in Exile is to liberate Balochistan from colonizers occupation of Iran and Pakistan. An exclusive interview with Mir Azad Khan Baloch

Pakistan Christian Post conducted this exclusive interview via Internet with Mir Azad Khan Baloch, Secretary General, Desk of Government Of Balochistan in Exile based in Jerusalem, Israel. The news of declaration of Government of Balochistan in Exile on April18, 2006, was read with enthusiasm by our readers, which led us to furnish details about GOB in Exile.

We wish to acknowledge nationalist and democratic behavior of great Baloch nation when JWP led by Nawab Akbar Khan Bughti awarded equal due participation to Christians, Hindus and Sikhs in Balochistan Provincial government by handing over posts of Assembly Speaker and important ministries while federation of Pakistan and other provinces under domain of Pakistan always denied rights of minorities. We are positive that Christians, Hindus and Sikhs in Balochistan are shoulder to shoulder with Balochi brothers like Baloch nationals in movement of rights of greater Balochistan.

The news of extradition of Baloch leaders from UAE was sad for sympathizers of Baloch nation but announcement of The Government of Balochistan in Exile from Israel is in best interests of freedom fighters in Balochistan and Baloch tribes around globe.

Before our Internet interview with GOB in Exile leader Mir Azad Khan Baloch, we like to present some historic facts for our readers about importance of Khan of Kalat as GOB in Exile have also honored Mir Suleman Dawood Khan as King of Balochistan. The British wrested control away from the Khan of Kalat in the early 1840 but in 1876 treaty between the Khan of Kalat and Robert Sandeman accepted the independence of the Kalat as an allied state with British military outposts in the region. After the 1878 Afghan War, the British established Baluchistan as a provincial entity centered on the municipality of Quetta - Kalat, Makran, and Lasbella continuing to exist as princely realms. The administrative and legislative reforms of late 19th and early 20th century India overlooked Baluchistan. Around the 1930s, Baluchi nationalist parties emerged to contest for freedom from British rule. They took the princely state of Kalat as the focal point of a free and united Baluchistan. The Khan of Kalat never brought into the Punjabi nationalist paradigm, arguing that the Kalat had special treaty powers. Baglar Begi Khan declared the independence of Kalat on August 15, 1947. He assured the neo-state of Pakistan that Kalat will participate in the defense and infrastructure but will be autonomous. That didn’t go over well at all and the Pakistani army entered the region to occupy the area immediately. On Mar 27, 1948, the Khan of Kalat gave in to the State of Pakistan but his brother Abdul Karim Baloch refused to surrender and revolted until his arrest in 1950.

Baloch tribes declared formation of “ Greater Balochistan” in 1973, and launched armed struggle for independence from Pakistan. The Mengal and Marri tribes were unite and leading this movement when Pakistan Army started military operation in Balochistan and in 1977, were successful to suppress Greater Balochistan struggle.

In 2004-2005, the Baloch tribes in unity again started liberation movement under Baloch Liberation Front and Baloch Liberation Army with greater impact. The unrest in Balochistan was fueled by following issues:

  • The suppression of the nationalist aspirations of the Balochs by the government in Islamabad;
  • The lack of economic development in the province despite the fact that its gas fields, which sustain the economy of Punjab, are a major source of revenue;
  • The continuing failure of the Pakistan government to give to the provincial administration and the tribes in whose territory gas was found an adequate payment of royalty for the gas supplied to the other provinces of Pakistan;
  • The non-association of the provincial authorities with the decision-making on the construction of the Gwadar port on the Mekran coast with Chinese assistance and the award of almost all contracts relating to the project to non-Balochs, mainly Punjabis;
  • The import of Punjabis and other non-Balochs, many of them ex-servicemen, into the province to work in the project;
  • The plans of the military-dominated administration in Islamabad to construct three new cantonments in the province in order to increase the number of troops permanently stationed there.
Here are PCP questions and answers by The Government of Balochistan in Exile leader Mir Azad Khan Baloch:


Q1. What shall be role of Christians in independent government of Balochistan if they join Baloch movement?

A1. Independent Balochistan is first and foremost going to be a secular country. As in any secular country, people have the freedom to choose their religion and freely practice it. A Baloch who is a Christian will have the same opportunities as if he was a Hindu, Jew, Muslim, Zikri or any faith of his choice. We are Baloch first, and then anything else. So, a Christian Baloch will have equal opportunities in Balochistan.


Q2. What shall be support of Baloch government if Christian launch movement for separate province in division of Punjab where they are second biggest in population?

A separate province in Punjab on religious basis is something for the Punjabis to decide. It is an internal matter of Punjab, and we in Balochistan do not intend to get involved unless there are human rights violations occurring, which we oppose.


Q3. If government of Pakistan accepts demand of provincial autonomy and due share in resources of Balochistan, as Baloch parliamentarians are demanding: Will Balochistan government in Exile shall be abolished?

A3. During the last 58 years of occupation of Balochistan, the central government of Pakistan has denied provincial autonomy and due share in resources to the Baloch people. It is wishful thinking to believe that there will be a change in policy. However, the mission of The Government of Balochistan (GOB) in Exile is to liberate Balochistan. As long as its colonizers occupy Balochistan, we shall continue with our mission.


Q4. Why armed movement was necessary for Balochistan independence?

A4. The Pakistani government simultaneously used strong-armed tactics and dialogue to negotiate the genuine grievances of the Baloch people with our leaders. The Pakistani strategy failed, and it alienated the Baloch people resulting in an armed conflict.


Q5. Baloch are in majority in Balochistan. Why peaceful movement to liberate Balochistan was not launched?

A5. Since 1948 when Balochistan was invaded by Pakistani armed forces, we have tried both peaceful as well as militant means to negotiate with our colonizers. Prior to the present conflict, Baloch activists launched a peaceful movement to address grievances of Balochistan with the Pakistani government. But, instead of resolving the problems, the
Pakistani authorities resorted to violence. They kidnapped, arrested, tortured and murdered several Baloch activists. So, when a government is intolerant and launches “State Terrorism”, then the people have no choice but to fight back.


Q6. What shall be the future of those Baloch leaders who are cooperating with Pakistan Army to crush Baloch nation?

A6. The Baloch culture teaches tolerance. Those Baloch leaders, who are betraying the Baloch nation today, will be judged according to the laws of the new Government of Balochistan. We advocate democracy and eventually it is the people of Balochistan who will determine the fate of traitors.


Q7. Is Baloch liberation from Pakistan or Iran or Afghanistan? What`s role of Balochi living in Iran? Is movement under operation in Iran and Afghanistan also or only in Baloch territory under Pakistan jurisdiction?

A7. Balochistan is composed of areas currently occupied by Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan. At present, the Baloch people are persecuted in Iran and Pakistan. In Afghanistan, the Baloch are given equal opportunities. To date, the Afghan government has been very supportive of the Baloch people. Therefore, the Baloch liberation movement is concentrated in Iran and Pakistan, and we consider Afghanistan a friend of the Baloch.


Q8. Are Baloch tribes living in Sindh supporting liberation movement?

A8. Baloch tribes from all over the world are supporting the Baloch cause. Each Baloch national is doing his or her part to help. And, Baloch tribes who are currently living in Sindh are certainly doing their due share of good deed for our nation.


Q9. Will any Islamic Country plan to accept Balochistan Government in exile?

A9. Why should any Islamic country plan to accept The Government of Balochistan in Exile? We are not an Islamic government; instead we are a secular government. But, in answer to your question, none of the Islamic countries in the world has officially recognized the GOB (Exile).


Q10. Under new world order: Many liberation movements have been declared terrorist organization or they have been brought in dialogue under pressure of international community; do Balochistan government in exile shall come on dialogue table with government of Pakistan on any stage?

A10. Under the New World Order, there are legal explanations that define what constitute a terrorist organization, and for your information, the Baloch militants qualify as Freedom Fighters. GOB (Exile) is open for any type of dialogue allowed between two sovereign nations with the Government of Pakistan as long as there are mediators from the United Nations present. Pakistan has a history of reneging on its commitments with the Baloch leadership.


Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
General Secretary

Desk of The Government of Balochistan in Exile
The World Baloch Jewish Alliance Building
PO Box 5631
Jerusalem, 91000

Monday, May 08, 2006

An Open Letter to His Highness Mir Suleman Dawood Khan

To His Highness
Mir Suleman Dawood Khan
Khan of Kalat
Kalat, Balochistan

Your Royal Highness,

Groups of Baloch patriots from around the world have established The Government of Balochistan (GOB) in Exile on April 18, 2006, and have nominated Your Highness as the King of Balochistan. But, it is your right to turn down this nomination. You may decide to issue a public disclaimer that you have nothing to do with the GOB (Exile). We will honor Your Excellency’s wishes and will not jeopardize your position in society. But, we will continue with our mission to liberate Balochistan.

The GOB (Exile) is a democratic, liberal and secular entity. Our goal is to use the power of the Internet to internationalize the Baloch cause, and to liberate the Baloch nation from Iran and Pakistan. With the consent of the Baloch people, we are going to structure our Government to emulate other sovereign nations. Once we are recognized by the member states of the United Nations as a bonafide government in exile representing the oppressed people of Balochistan, we will launch a major offensive to liberate our motherland.

Balochistan has the potential of generating over $58 billion dollars per year in revenue from natural resources, transit fees, trade, etc. We have conducted a thorough research of Balochistan’s economic potential and believe that once we gain our independence, we will be one of the richest countries in the region in a very short period of time.

However, as you know very well that we are an oppressed and a destitute nation. Both Iran and Pakistan have occupied Baloch areas and treat it as a colony and look at the Baloch with suspicion. They have intentionally neglected Balochistan, and control our territory to extract our natural resources and use our strategic location to benefit their own people and governments.

History is witness to the fact that Balochistan was illegally and forcibly invaded and annexed by Pakistan in 1948 from your grandfather, His Highness Mir Ahmad Yar Khan Baloch (may His soul rest in peace). Ever since the occupation of Balochistan, the Pakistani authorities have committed numerous crimes against our people, and now their crimes have surpassed all limits of human decency.

The Baloch nation is suffering the worse in the hand of Pakistani armed forces. To date, thousands of Baloch have died, and more the 6,000 are currently behind bars for voicing their concerns for Balochistan. The Pakistani military dictatorship has turned Balochistan into a military occupied zone, and they are conducting aerial bombardment, artillery, tanks and infantry attacks to kill innocent non-combatant Baloch nationals.

Balochistan is calling Your Highness, and every true-blooded Baloch son and daughter to rise and defend our motherland. We must stop these colonizers, thugs, and killers whose evil intentions are only to destroy our identity as a nation, and to weaken us to the point so that we cannot raise our head ever again, and be enslaved for ever to serve our oppressors. Our enemies are conducting “Ethnic Cleansing” of the Baloch people and forcing us out of Balochistan. Their plans are already taking shape in the port city of Gwadar.

Baloch patriots from around the world and GOB (Exile) are pleading with you that during this critical moment in our history, you should accept our nomination to be the King of Balochistan. You can play a very important and effective role by uniting the Baloch tribes to defend Balochistan. This is our motherland, and every honorable Baloch must set aside their personal differences and join hands to protect our land, our coastline, our resources, our women, and our children. We ask you to join us and save Balochistan before it is too late.

The Baloch people are proud to have a leader like Prince Abdul Karim Khan Baloch (may His soul rest in peace) who fought bravely to defend Balochistan. The Ahmadzai family’s name along with your name will be engraved in Baloch history forever if you show the courage to rise today and defend Balochistan. Our nation is more important than anything else. You can make a difference today for the Baloch people. It is your time to shine and make history.

GOB (Exile) will assist you in going to the International Court of Justice (judicial organ of the United Nations) to declare the invasion and annexation of Balochistan by Pakistan “null and void”. Since you are the heir apparent of the Khan of Kalat, Mir Ahmad Yar Khan Baloch (may His soul rest in peace), who signed documents under duress to allow Pakistan to colonize Balochistan, you are in a position to file a case against Pakistan. Your grandfather left a very important confession in his book, “Inside Baluchistan: A political autobiography of His Highness Baiglar Baigi, Khan-e-Azam-XIII Mir Ahmad Yar Khan Baluch, Khan-e-Baluch, ex-ruler of Kalat State”. We can use the book as evidence in the International Court of Justice to legally declare Pakistani occupation of Balochistan illegal.

Please let us know of your decision at your earliest convenience. Time is of the essence as Baloch commanders have launched “guerilla military actions” against the Pakistani forces. Also, the American forces are collaborating with the Baloch fighters to destabilize the Iranian government. This is our chance to make a difference for the people of Balochistan by liberating them once and for all. Viva Balochistan!

Your humble and obedient servant,

Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
General Secretary

Government of Balochistan in Exile