The Government of Balochistan in Exile

Tuesday, May 09, 2006

Dr. Nazir Bhatti, Editor of Pakistan Christian Post, Interviews Mir Azaad Khan Baloch

The mission of The Government of Balochistan (GOB) in Exile is to liberate Balochistan from colonizers occupation of Iran and Pakistan. An exclusive interview with Mir Azad Khan Baloch http://www.pakistanchristianpost.com/newsdetails.php?newsid=815

Pakistan Christian Post conducted this exclusive interview via Internet with Mir Azad Khan Baloch, Secretary General, Desk of Government Of Balochistan in Exile based in Jerusalem, Israel. The news of declaration of Government of Balochistan in Exile on April18, 2006, was read with enthusiasm by our readers, which led us to furnish details about GOB in Exile.

We wish to acknowledge nationalist and democratic behavior of great Baloch nation when JWP led by Nawab Akbar Khan Bughti awarded equal due participation to Christians, Hindus and Sikhs in Balochistan Provincial government by handing over posts of Assembly Speaker and important ministries while federation of Pakistan and other provinces under domain of Pakistan always denied rights of minorities. We are positive that Christians, Hindus and Sikhs in Balochistan are shoulder to shoulder with Balochi brothers like Baloch nationals in movement of rights of greater Balochistan.

The news of extradition of Baloch leaders from UAE was sad for sympathizers of Baloch nation but announcement of The Government of Balochistan in Exile from Israel is in best interests of freedom fighters in Balochistan and Baloch tribes around globe.

Before our Internet interview with GOB in Exile leader Mir Azad Khan Baloch, we like to present some historic facts for our readers about importance of Khan of Kalat as GOB in Exile have also honored Mir Suleman Dawood Khan as King of Balochistan. The British wrested control away from the Khan of Kalat in the early 1840 but in 1876 treaty between the Khan of Kalat and Robert Sandeman accepted the independence of the Kalat as an allied state with British military outposts in the region. After the 1878 Afghan War, the British established Baluchistan as a provincial entity centered on the municipality of Quetta - Kalat, Makran, and Lasbella continuing to exist as princely realms. The administrative and legislative reforms of late 19th and early 20th century India overlooked Baluchistan. Around the 1930s, Baluchi nationalist parties emerged to contest for freedom from British rule. They took the princely state of Kalat as the focal point of a free and united Baluchistan. The Khan of Kalat never brought into the Punjabi nationalist paradigm, arguing that the Kalat had special treaty powers. Baglar Begi Khan declared the independence of Kalat on August 15, 1947. He assured the neo-state of Pakistan that Kalat will participate in the defense and infrastructure but will be autonomous. That didn’t go over well at all and the Pakistani army entered the region to occupy the area immediately. On Mar 27, 1948, the Khan of Kalat gave in to the State of Pakistan but his brother Abdul Karim Baloch refused to surrender and revolted until his arrest in 1950.

Baloch tribes declared formation of “ Greater Balochistan” in 1973, and launched armed struggle for independence from Pakistan. The Mengal and Marri tribes were unite and leading this movement when Pakistan Army started military operation in Balochistan and in 1977, were successful to suppress Greater Balochistan struggle.

In 2004-2005, the Baloch tribes in unity again started liberation movement under Baloch Liberation Front and Baloch Liberation Army with greater impact. The unrest in Balochistan was fueled by following issues:

  • The suppression of the nationalist aspirations of the Balochs by the government in Islamabad;
  • The lack of economic development in the province despite the fact that its gas fields, which sustain the economy of Punjab, are a major source of revenue;
  • The continuing failure of the Pakistan government to give to the provincial administration and the tribes in whose territory gas was found an adequate payment of royalty for the gas supplied to the other provinces of Pakistan;
  • The non-association of the provincial authorities with the decision-making on the construction of the Gwadar port on the Mekran coast with Chinese assistance and the award of almost all contracts relating to the project to non-Balochs, mainly Punjabis;
  • The import of Punjabis and other non-Balochs, many of them ex-servicemen, into the province to work in the project;
  • The plans of the military-dominated administration in Islamabad to construct three new cantonments in the province in order to increase the number of troops permanently stationed there.
Here are PCP questions and answers by The Government of Balochistan in Exile leader Mir Azad Khan Baloch:

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Q1. What shall be role of Christians in independent government of Balochistan if they join Baloch movement?


A1. Independent Balochistan is first and foremost going to be a secular country. As in any secular country, people have the freedom to choose their religion and freely practice it. A Baloch who is a Christian will have the same opportunities as if he was a Hindu, Jew, Muslim, Zikri or any faith of his choice. We are Baloch first, and then anything else. So, a Christian Baloch will have equal opportunities in Balochistan.

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Q2. What shall be support of Baloch government if Christian launch movement for separate province in division of Punjab where they are second biggest in population?

A2.
A separate province in Punjab on religious basis is something for the Punjabis to decide. It is an internal matter of Punjab, and we in Balochistan do not intend to get involved unless there are human rights violations occurring, which we oppose.

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Q3. If government of Pakistan accepts demand of provincial autonomy and due share in resources of Balochistan, as Baloch parliamentarians are demanding: Will Balochistan government in Exile shall be abolished?

A3. During the last 58 years of occupation of Balochistan, the central government of Pakistan has denied provincial autonomy and due share in resources to the Baloch people. It is wishful thinking to believe that there will be a change in policy. However, the mission of The Government of Balochistan (GOB) in Exile is to liberate Balochistan. As long as its colonizers occupy Balochistan, we shall continue with our mission.

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Q4. Why armed movement was necessary for Balochistan independence?

A4. The Pakistani government simultaneously used strong-armed tactics and dialogue to negotiate the genuine grievances of the Baloch people with our leaders. The Pakistani strategy failed, and it alienated the Baloch people resulting in an armed conflict.

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Q5. Baloch are in majority in Balochistan. Why peaceful movement to liberate Balochistan was not launched?

A5. Since 1948 when Balochistan was invaded by Pakistani armed forces, we have tried both peaceful as well as militant means to negotiate with our colonizers. Prior to the present conflict, Baloch activists launched a peaceful movement to address grievances of Balochistan with the Pakistani government. But, instead of resolving the problems, the
Pakistani authorities resorted to violence. They kidnapped, arrested, tortured and murdered several Baloch activists. So, when a government is intolerant and launches “State Terrorism”, then the people have no choice but to fight back.

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Q6. What shall be the future of those Baloch leaders who are cooperating with Pakistan Army to crush Baloch nation?

A6. The Baloch culture teaches tolerance. Those Baloch leaders, who are betraying the Baloch nation today, will be judged according to the laws of the new Government of Balochistan. We advocate democracy and eventually it is the people of Balochistan who will determine the fate of traitors.

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Q7. Is Baloch liberation from Pakistan or Iran or Afghanistan? What`s role of Balochi living in Iran? Is movement under operation in Iran and Afghanistan also or only in Baloch territory under Pakistan jurisdiction?

A7. Balochistan is composed of areas currently occupied by Afghanistan, Iran and Pakistan. At present, the Baloch people are persecuted in Iran and Pakistan. In Afghanistan, the Baloch are given equal opportunities. To date, the Afghan government has been very supportive of the Baloch people. Therefore, the Baloch liberation movement is concentrated in Iran and Pakistan, and we consider Afghanistan a friend of the Baloch.

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Q8. Are Baloch tribes living in Sindh supporting liberation movement?

A8. Baloch tribes from all over the world are supporting the Baloch cause. Each Baloch national is doing his or her part to help. And, Baloch tribes who are currently living in Sindh are certainly doing their due share of good deed for our nation.

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Q9. Will any Islamic Country plan to accept Balochistan Government in exile?

A9. Why should any Islamic country plan to accept The Government of Balochistan in Exile? We are not an Islamic government; instead we are a secular government. But, in answer to your question, none of the Islamic countries in the world has officially recognized the GOB (Exile).

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Q10. Under new world order: Many liberation movements have been declared terrorist organization or they have been brought in dialogue under pressure of international community; do Balochistan government in exile shall come on dialogue table with government of Pakistan on any stage?

A10. Under the New World Order, there are legal explanations that define what constitute a terrorist organization, and for your information, the Baloch militants qualify as Freedom Fighters. GOB (Exile) is open for any type of dialogue allowed between two sovereign nations with the Government of Pakistan as long as there are mediators from the United Nations present. Pakistan has a history of reneging on its commitments with the Baloch leadership.

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Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
General Secretary

Desk of The Government of Balochistan in Exile
The World Baloch Jewish Alliance Building
PO Box 5631
Jerusalem, 91000
ISRAEL

12 Comments:

  • Are you for an independent Palastinian State based on pre-1967 borders or not and why?

    Where do you see the Palastinians in relation to the Baloch struggle?

    How many Jews Baloch are there?

    Thanks for your answers

    A Baloch with no religion!

    By Anonymous Anonymous, at Tuesday, May 09, 2006  

  • Dear Baloch brother,

    We are focused on Baloch problems only. The world is a huge place and we don’t have the resources or the stamina to worry about anyone else at this juncture except to liberate our own people. So, whatever is happening in Palestine is for the Palestinians to resolve. Being a Baloch, you should worry about fixing the problems of Balochistan first, and then worry about fixing the world.

    The Baloch struggle has yet to receive support from any country in the world. Our struggle has many similarities to the struggle of the oppressed people of Darfur in Muslim Sudan. Unfortunately, the Palestinians have yet to acknowledge the Baloch struggle for independence. However, we greatly appreciate the Indian government for taking a bold stance to object to Pakistan’s use of excessive force to massacre non-combatant Baloch.

    At the moment, we don’t have any statistical information to determine the religion of the 15 million Baloch. Since we are a secular people, we should not get bogged down worrying about the religion of our people. Right now, we should join hands and collectively fight the “Baloch War of Independence” no matter what our beliefs are. But, for your information, the Baloch are a Semitic tribe, and we are in the process to forming the World Baloch Jewish Alliance (WBJA) as a platform for Baloch and Jewish groups to get together to learn about each other’s culture, heritage, language, etc.

    Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
    General Secretary
    The Government of Balochistan in Exile

    By Blogger Govt. of Balochistan, at Tuesday, May 09, 2006  

  • There are so many Balochs that are living in Punjab, especially in Southern Punjab. Even Districts of Multan, Bhakkar, Khoshab and Jhang etc have so many Balochs settled there. Most of them are Saraiki speaking but they still hold their distinction as Baloch. Most in the north are Rind but some are Lashari, Jamali and Korai etc.

    Is there any support from them? How do they view this situation?

    In 70s military operation, there was a Baloch front in North Saraiki Areas. They were concerned that they would have to leave Punjab in case of Balochistan separation. What is the present situation now?

    By Anonymous Anonymous, at Tuesday, May 09, 2006  

  • Dear Friend of the Baloch,

    Baloch from all over the world are supporting the struggle for self-determination, and Baloch in Punjab are no exception. Right now we hear Pakistani government propaganda that only three Baloch tribes are involved in the present crisis, but the reality is that every Baloch who is proud of his heritage has risen to defend Balochistan.

    The Baloch who are residing in Punjab are Baloch first and foremost. They are viewing this blatant violation of human rights of the Baloch people by Pakistan armed forces with great concern and are infuriated. When Balochistan gains its independence, the current artificial provincial boundaries will be dissolved, and Baloch territories within Punjab return to our motherland. This area is rich in agriculture, and will be the breadbasket of the new Balochistan.

    So, the Baloch living in the Saraiki belt have nothing to worry about. A demarcated boundary does not have to follow the artificial provincial boundaries. The Baloch in Punjab should come out and openly join the “Baloch War of Independence”.


    Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
    General Secretary
    The Government of Balochistan in Exile

    By Blogger Govt. of Balochistan, at Tuesday, May 09, 2006  

  • I am a Saraiki speaking Baloch and I am very concerned abuot my brothers and sisters in Balochistan. But at the same time, I am afraid, if tomorrow an independent Balochistan becomes a reality, what is our future. There may be large scale violence and we may have to leave our houses.

    Since we don't speak Balochi, is there any future for us in independent Balochistan? Won't we be considered strangers?

    By Anonymous Anonymous, at Tuesday, May 09, 2006  

  • Dear Saraiki Speaking Baloch Brother,

    Language is just a means of communication. I’ve met many Punjabis in Gwadar who speak better Balochi than myself, but that doesn’t make them a Baloch.

    Your courage to express your concerns for your Baloch brothers and sisters in Balochistan is appreciated. In an independent Balochistan, the future of every Baloch is liberty, and end to “Baloch Slavery”. No matter what language you speak, or the color of your skin, or the religion you practice, you will still be considered a red-blooded Baloch. There is going to be equal opportunities for every Baloch in our motherland. It will be the end of the step motherly treatment we have received during the years of occupation of Balochistan by the Persians and the Punjabis.

    Neither Iran nor Pakistan is going to give up Balochistan so easily. The “Baloch War of Independence” has begun, and it is already taking its toll on the Baloch people. Our kinfolks are kidnapped, arrested, tortured, and killed on a daily basis; thousands are lingering in Iranian and Pakistani jails.

    Every Baloch should brace for the worst that is about to be leashed on us by our colonizers. We should defend our motherland, our children, our daughters, our sisters, and our mothers. We must think of ourselves as “Freedom Fighters” and defend our honor and liberate Balochistan.

    Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
    General Secretary
    The Government of Balochistan in Exile

    By Blogger Govt. of Balochistan, at Wednesday, May 10, 2006  

  • Dear baloch,

    It looks like the oppressed people in Pakistan are finding utterence. GOB (Exile) site could be banned in Pakistan as well; be prapared.

    By Anonymous Anonymous, at Wednesday, May 10, 2006  

  • Dear Friend of the Baloch,

    Yes, the Internet has empowered the oppressed people of the world to speak to the global community. We are not afraid if Pakistan should decide to ban our website; fortunately, we are operating from a democratic country.

    We will continue to fight with the same fervor and let the world know about the oppression of the Baloch people.


    Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
    General Secretary
    The Government of Balochistan in Exile

    By Blogger Govt. of Balochistan, at Thursday, May 11, 2006  

  • Dear Secretary of GOB in Exile,

    The Pak army is training Balochis to pit them against Baloch fighters. Army calls it as creating jobs. Can you call this development and creation of jobs?

    2. One tribe in Sui is fighting another tribe. How far can this internecine battles be avoided? The awreness is picking up but there are Army's agents like Jam Yosouf and other loyalists who work for money but not for the spirit and welfare of Balochis.

    3. You call it Baloch War of Independence but the world media still calls your fighters as 'Balochis fighting for higher royalites (i.e money) and autonomy'. Do you fight for these chips or real independence? What steps are being taken to project the real cause?

    By Anonymous Anonymous, at Saturday, May 13, 2006  

  • Dear Friend of the Baloch,

    1. Pakistan, since its inception, has practiced the policy of “divide and rule” with the Baloch tribes; it’s not a new phenomenon. But, this time around, the Pakistani government is really desperate to subdue the Baloch freedom fighters, and is clumsily pitting one Baloch against the other. It is certainly becoming obvious to all that the Pakistanis are trying everything in their bag of tricks to deter the wrath of the Baloch warrior.

    2. Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti forewarned the Baloch nation against the intrigues of fellow Baloch whose conduct is similar to past traitors of the Indian sub-continent like Mir Jaffar and Mir Sadiq. Unfortunately, there are some among us who are betraying the Baloch people. The best way to deal with such traitors is to avoid them like a plague. The farther away these people are from those who are concerned about the welfare of the Baloch, the least damage they can do to our cause.

    3. Government of Balochistan in Exile wants to liberate Balochistan, and gain total independence. The longer we wait, the more the Pakistanis will infest Balochistan resulting in the loss of Baloch identity. Our resource-rich Balochistan is making the Pakistanis rich, while the Baloch children walk barefoot because they can’t even afford a pair of rubber slippers.

    No matter how much the Pakistanis want to bribe the Baloch nation, it is better to live a life of a free man than to be a slave. Tipu Sultan once said: “It is far better to live like a lion for a day than to live like a jackal for a hundred years”.


    Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
    General Secretary
    The Government of Balochistan in Exile

    By Blogger Govt. of Balochistan, at Saturday, May 13, 2006  

  • What about other states who joined Pakistan e.g. Bahawalpur, Sawat, ect. They should also go for indepanance from Pakistan.

    By Anonymous Anonymous, at Sunday, May 28, 2006  

  • Dear Friend of the Baloch,

    It is none of our concern what others want to do. We are only focused to liberate Balochistan for the Baloch people...period!


    Mir Azaad Khan Baloch
    General Secretary
    The Government of Balochistan in Exile

    By Blogger Govt. of Balochistan, at Sunday, May 28, 2006  

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